The following are additional considerations, not specified through federal statutes or guidance, to make the policy definitions more comprehensive.
- Consider IPV, stalking, and sexual violence as a broad continuum of behaviors. The term IPV is a broad continuum of physically and emotionally abusive behaviors that includes but is not limited to:
- Cultural abuse
- Digital (technological) abuse
- Economic abuse
- Emotional/psychological abuse
- Forced substance use or abuse
- Removing access to medication or assistive devices
- Minimizing, blame, and denial of abuse
Full definitions for these terms can be found on page 47 of The NCCADV Guidance and Model Policy Document
- Provide definitions for victim/survivor, perpetrator, and partner. Learn more from the NCCADV’s Model Policy and Guidance documents, page 6.
- Use gender-nonspecific pronouns, such as they, them, and their, in all policy definitions.
- Under the definition of ‘consent,’ clearly define coercion as ‘an unreasonable amount of pressure, as assessed by reviewing the duration, isolation, frequency, and intensity of the circumstances that led to the sexual encounter.’
- Policies should make absolutely clear that entering into or maintaining a dating relationship does not indicate consent to emotional, physical, sexual, or financial violence perpetrated by one’s partner.
- Policies should clearly prohibit both physical and online stalking and harassment.