Guiding Principles for Prevention

  1. Prevention and response training should be in-depth and ongoing. IPV, stalking, and sexual violence are common but very complex issues. In order to make the campus safer, staff, faculty, and students need this level of training.
  2. Messages should focus on reducing risk factors, come from all parts of campus, and reach constituents multiple times. Messages about primary prevention should focus on reducing risk factors for perpetrating intimate partner and sexual violence, not just on increasing protective factors for potential victims/survivors. These messages are also important for supporting victims/survivors.
  3. Prevention should be culturally relevant, appropriate, inclusive, and informed by students, especially victims/survivors. Efforts should be responsive to the needs of marginalized and oppressed groups represented on campus, especially LGBTQI+ students, students with disabilities, and students of color. Student input should be a predominant feature in educational or prevention messaging and curriculum development. Messaging should never reinforce negative stereotypes.
  4. Create a comprehensive, strategic plan for implementing, assessing, and evaluating prevention efforts. Developing a comprehensive plan, including evaluation, should be the first step of prevention work. 
  5. Prevention and response training should be in-depth and ongoing. IPV, stalking, and sexual violence are common but very complex issues. In order to make the campus safer, staff, faculty, and students need this level of training.

Learn How To Apply These Principles for Prevention at Your College and University

Guiding Principles for Support Services

  1. Create a comprehensive, strategic plan for implementing, assessing, and evaluating prevention efforts. Developing a comprehensive plan, including evaluation, should be the first step of prevention work. 
  2. Provide robust accommodations to victims/survivors. Accommodations following experiences of intimate partner and other forms of violence should minimize the victims'/survivors' burden of continuing their education by addressing safety, They should address safety, Title IX rights, academic needs, privacy, and resulting financial burden.
  3. Consider a victim’s/survivor’s relevant circumstances. Accommodations should be provided with attention to ability status, religion/faith, cultural identity, racial identity, gender identity, sexual orientation, financial situation, etc.
  4. Take interim measures promptly and prevent retaliation. As soon as it has notice of an allegation of intimate partner violence, the school should take interim measures to protect students and investigate what happened. The school should also provide the victim/survivor with periodic updates on the status of the investigation and work to prevent and address any retaliation.
  5. Provide private, trauma-informed support. This support for victims/survivors should come from all parts of campus.

Learn How To Apply These Principles for Support Services at Your College and University

Guiding Principles for Reporting & Privacy Concerns

  1. Victims/survivors have the right to confidential support and to know what will happen with their information. Faculty and staff have a responsibility to inform victims/survivors about confidentiality limitations and options -  before victims/survivors choose to share - and to maintain the highest level of confidentiality possible given legislation and institutional policy.
  2. Identify the WHO, HOW, and WHEN of protecting victim/survivor confidentiality. Who can protect the confidentiality of victims/survivors? How will the institution protect their confidentiality? When might confidentiality be limited?
  3. Inform all students of their options for notifying the institution and/or reporting abuse to law enforcement. This should include anonymous options, and may increase the likelihood that students will disclose and/or report IPV.
  4. Seek input and collaboration from reporting students and their advocates. Work together to solicit and incorporate victims'/survivors' and advocates' input about the school's actions related to IPV prevention and response, with respect for the confidentiality of all parties involved. 

Learn How To Apply These Principles for Reporting & Privacy Concerns at Your College and University

Guiding Principles for Investigation & Adjudication

  1. Accommodations should be equitable, not necessarily identical, for reporting and responding parties.
    • Response systems can be trauma-informed without being biased toward survivors.
    • The policies and processes of these systems should be designed to put all students on the same level and be applied fairly and consistently.
  2. Accommodations should be equitable, not necessarily identical, for reporting and responding parties.
    • Response systems can be trauma-informed without being biased toward survivors.
    • The policies and processes of these systems should be designed to put all students on the same level and be applied fairly and consistently.
  3. Victims/survivors have the right to confidential support and to know what will happen with their information. Faculty and staff have a responsibility to inform victims/survivors about confidentiality limitations and options -  before victims/survivors choose to share - and to maintain the highest level of confidentiality possible given legislation and institutional policy.
  4. Identify the WHO, HOW, and WHEN of protecting victim/survivor confidentiality. Who can protect the confidentiality of victims/survivors? How will the institution protect their confidentiality? When might confidentiality be limited?

Learn How To Apply These Principles for Investigation & Adjudication at Your College and University

Guiding Principles for Policy Development

  1. Inform all students of their options for notifying the institution and/or reporting abuse to law enforcement. This should include anonymous options, and may increase the likelihood that students will disclose and/or report IPV.
  2. Seek input and collaboration from reporting students and their advocates. Work together to solicit and incorporate victims'/survivors' and advocates' input about the school's actions related to IPV prevention and response, with respect for the confidentiality of all parties involved. 
  3. Victims/survivors have the right to confidential support and to know what will happen with their information. Faculty and staff have a responsibility to inform victims/survivors about confidentiality limitations and options -  before victims/survivors choose to share - and to maintain the highest level of confidentiality possible given legislation and institutional policy.

Learn How To Apply These Principles for Policy Development at Your College and University